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There are two objectives for this initiative: The work consisted of a literature review, the legislation review and the review of the material gathered in the repository “Opinions and resolutions on internship” of esggio Ministry of Education MEC. The results allowed to recognize heterogeneity and ambiguity in the legal framework, which was evidenced by the volume and content of the queries submitted to the National Education Council CNE since Institutional policies regarding internships in higher education institutions HEIs deserve deep political debate that is not done yet.
Curriculum; ; Legislation as Topic. Hay dos objetivos para esta iniciativa: Specialist in Sciences Propagation. Supervisor of Internship Centre of. Today, this situation reveals a challenge to university – dealing with the heterogeneity of procedures and assumptions about the internships – either under the Internal Internships Commissions IICs in each course, or on the Teaching Council.
As an educational act, the supervised internships in professional training in Brazil are regulated by federal law of September 25, Internship Law 1. Although it is not a recent legal event, when observing the ways in which these curricular components are allowed by systems and offered by educational institutions in the country – both in basic education and in higher sstgio, including graduation – it is recognized heterogeneity and ambiguity.
Only to exemplify, from the records collected in the Rectory of Education, there is the large amount of memos sent to request execution of agreements with licensors – what became expendable and pretty expensive after Conceptions that generally do not pay attention to important principles of the internship law are found among teachers, coordinators and supervisors, expressed by: Another equally important dimension in the Internship Center observations concerns the understanding that teachers eatgio, as well as students on working hours for curricular components that present practical activities.
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For example, for the workload assigned to a teaching professional, legislation, specific curriculum guidelines of courses and educational projects, prioritize and establish criteria assumptions that do not have full organicity.
However, it is argued that educational legislation, the statutes of the institutions and the principle of estglo management can provide the conditions to define pedagogical projects and internal standards that lead the internships towards quality and emancipation – sought by education professionals and by society in general – based on synergy and cooperation. The first point to be clarified is related to the restricted scope that the internship law has on various situations involving this activity.
The same law provides that “complementary standards” must be established by educational institutions. The objectives of this article are: In a complementary way, a successful internship is also characterized by effective contribution to the processes, products and services developed by grantors – always aiming for the benefit of the whole society 117888 the improvement of professional practice. 1178 this sense, despite the well-known differences in people management and human resources, both in companies and in public grantor institutionsand in addition to the interaction with the wider needs of society in general, it was chosen to do the official documents survey.
As the legislation is only a fraction of the guidelines to consider, it was also sought the regulation resulting from NEC, to better illustrate the discussion and complete the picture of the references.
On the corporate website of the Ministry of Education MECare all opinions and resolutions together in one repository: The texts were collected in electronic format from the official repositories available on the internet. For opinions, 12 were and polysemic reality. Taking into overcoming this dichotomy that determines account the proportion of lek forward professional development since initial to legislation and resolutions on internships, training. Given the contemporary context, it there were disputes concerning llei was chosen to work with current legislation insurance, mandatory workload, practice as to stick to the minimum criteria to be a curriculum component, and training in included in regiments, regulations and basic education, among others.
As noted, there is Auxiliary survey was also conducted to awareness that it estfio not the legal framework meet academic literature on supervised that determines all the conditions and internships in an attempt to find theoretical pedagogical possibilities in esfgio the support for the undertaken questioning. The internships are performed. Some definitions search in SciELO Scientific Electronic about this educational act derive esthio Library Onlinedid not arise significant from grantors leo – which differ results considering the period.
Analyzing the law that supports education in Brazil, only in this article the term “internship” four occurrences occurs. This article, in a generic way, helps defining the role of education systems in their responsibility on the “rules for carrying out the internships of students enrolled in secondary or estgii education in their jurisdiction” 2. This means that, the consensus at the time of enactment of the law offered no educational principle directly related to internship to allow definitive record.
Discriminate student and worker is fundamental in various ways; that is why the law is straightforward to 11878 that there was no employment for the intern – even when he gets scholarship, has accident insurance and welfare coverage.
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This definition can be very useful for people management, public and corporate administration and for the Ministry of Labor, but it is assumed that it is insufficient in terms of didactic and pedagogical perspective. One must keep in mind that the history of internships starts with the schools of arts and trades and industrial education since the turn of the 20th century; thus closely tied to professional practice. It was in the seventies, with the implementation of the Federal Law No. In fact, the essay starts with a straightforward definition that internship is an “educational act,” important notion to distinguish between exercise or practice and professional training, which leads to more tangible didactic consequences.
Nevertheless, the first item on its sole paragraph highlights the major concern of legislators in this subject: The first of the same article reveals the limits that the law has to establish foundations and consensus that cover the majority of professional training courses: Internship is a supervised school educative act, developed in the workplace, aimed at preparation for productive work of students attending courses in institutions of higher education, professional education, secondary education, special education, and in the final years elementary education, on professional education mode for youth and adults.
It is seen in the expression “working environment” a great interest in characterizing the grantor universe as strictly labor relations. In this respect prevails supervision of the Public Ministry of Labor, which will not be subject of this study. Then, synthesizing the guidelines of NEC- it should also be highlighted: There is no legal obligation for the company or for any public entity to hire an intern there. If it does, it should remember that the internship aims to provide practical learning to the student, which characterizes, in practice, its engagement in preparing it for the job market [ Employee is contracted for the development of activities needed to achieve, by the company, of the proposed objectives, in terms of labor legislation, with obligations and rights.
Regarding to intern, the company inserted him in special conditions, without employment, whose activity is a complement of the received education; the student needs it for future integration into the job market. This activity is supervised by the educational institution to which it binds, responsible for internship program 5: I – enrollment and regular attendance of learners [ Regarding enrollment and attendance in an educational institution, as well as concluding term commitment, it is observed an emphasis on legal and bureaucratic precepts to be respected during the execution of all activities.
Nevertheless, there are still some course structures that allow completion of internship without the student is invited to celebrate any term of commitment. Regarding the compatibility between the activities developed by the student and the course curriculum, it is noteworthy that the full teaching authority that imposes itself on teaching projects, Internal Internships Commissions and, ultimately, on collegiate. The constitutional principle of democratic management of education prevents from defending the trend of centralization of internship regulation, under a pro-rectory, for example.
But the focus of the debate is on the extent to which there is the possibility of a university institutional policy, or whether to invest in the initiative to promote full autonomy of courses in relation to the discipline. Opinions and resolutions of the NEC Without forgetting the priority given by the law to distinguish between interns and human resources of institutions, here the perspective of university identity to be REFACS online ;2 That institution FUTM supports itself in legal framework to claim that all professors in each course, have major role in determining all conditions in which the internships are performed, without escaping from the commitment of thinking relationship of this university in general with society and with the world of work.
If the internship law 1 complements the legislative effort to make the distinction between intern and employee, since it is assembled another effort to estgii the didactic-methodological criteria that guide this activity.
It was confirmed that the NEC did not analyze only educational aspects that moment, but also legal, given the ambiguous nature of certain legal requirements: In its first article it is defined that teaching practices are “activities with students and teachers in school or other educational environments in at estgko hours under supervision and monitoring of the educational institution”, which distinguishes them readily from internships – as these occur primarily in specific work environment to develop professional skills.
Four years before the completion of the “Decade of Education”, Resolution No. That resolution does not determine the composition of the workload in these courses, but makes explicit for the first time a didactic and fundamental methodological principle: In 1 of Article 12, the resolution notes that the teaching practice of a student “art.
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It is also confirmed that it is not uncommon to find professors who have no “supervised training” assigned, assured that they bear no liability to think about the role of this practice in the initial education of their students.
It has the large number of queries sent to Internship Center about specific conditions that no longer meet the local or contextual demands. These conditions are often predefined or 117788 in the pedagogical projects – which only allows changes by collegial decision – under penalty of being empowering activities with risk of employment, because of the detachment in relation to its respective pedagogical project. Thus, the resolution, in article 13, is even more striking, by asserting that “art.
In this query suggested by nursing graduate programs, it is focused the divergence that can occur between REFACS online ;2 estigo Again the NEC is adamant in stating that: When NEC was asked about the Legal Process Center, which are instituted in undergraduate courses on the leo of professional council, it reports that there is no operational structure for MEC to assume the assignment to evaluate them, and “with absorption of this new demand, the objective of the Department of Higher Education would be seriously compromised ” Again it rstgio clear that it is up to educational institutions determine the conditions of internship, for they have even greater authority than professional councils, and eventually lwi them.
Érico Lopes Pinheiro de Paula 1
In turn, the supervised internship is a set of training activities carried out under the supervision of professors of educational institution, and accompanied by professionals in which the student experience situations of effective professional practice. The supervised internship aims to consolidate and articulate the skills developed during the course through other training activities, either theoretical or practical nature Based on this understanding, in the case of UFTM, it still has to deal with the challenge of promoting an institutional policy on internships, facing the heterogeneity of concepts that underlie this educational act within the collegiate courses – including technical training in high school.
However, only with the Resolution No. In section II of the first article it is decreed that “supervised internship should have four hundred hours duration”, but another controversy was created because it can only start “from the second half of the course” Without the goal of depleting the issue, it seems that the proposed fundaments cause ambiguity: The practice as a curriculum component is the set of formative activities that provide experiences of applying knowledge or develop their own procedures to carry out teaching [or any other professional practice].
Through these activities, skills and abilities, within the teaching field, acquired in various training activities comprised in the course curriculum are put into practice.
Activities characterized as practical as a curricular component can be developed as core or as estbio of courses or other training activities. This includes the disciplines of practical nature related on the other restrict the opportunity of REFACS le ;2 This divergence bring problems for the student, such as estgik lack of time for placements in the last few semesters of some courses due to rising demand for hours in practical esthio trend in professional councils. It is important to remember that the term “second half of the course” is not a consensus as consultation processes analyzed by Education Rectory in Still on the subject, Opinion No.
Despite all the debate sincethere is still dissent in other teaching degrees estglo requires Opinion No. It was also shown that historical records treat the issue through the scope of the old internship law, precisely characterizing any supervised internship as “curricular internship” and not as a mere appendix of school activity, as if the not mandatory internship were an “extracurricular activity” 5: Because of the debate sparked by the teaching degrees in relation to the place of practice in the curriculum, which was expressed in the Opinion No.
This reality applied to teacher training for primary education actually requires a number of professors in higher education that is not feasible. Some important wstgio precepts that incur on internships are better exemplified, for example: It is clearly set the goal of providing students contact with practice, avoiding two limitations imposed on internships: It is characterized by professional practice oriented activities and closely monitored by professional advisors, performed thanks to the system of partnerships with companies in the industry or productive segment directly related to the course [but usually in partnerships with companies].
The learning environment is much more laboratory than real work situation, which does not characterize the supervised internship. The two alternatives are programmatic and curricular and are supported by current legislation and educational standards, if expressly 111788 in the political-pedagogical project of each course and closely linked to the learning outcomes desired A recent opinion gathered in “Opinions and Resolutions on Internship” on site MEC website talks about offering internships abroad.
That is the reason for the guidance: Once preserved kei national character of an institution that wants to act as grantor part, even estguo its physical location is outside estgiio territorial limits of Brazil it is possible to think, in theory, in the possibility of performing the internship abroad When the official legislation is searched to find determinations about what is allowed or not in internship situations, the concept of “educational project” is invariably involved.
Adjustments and changes in universities regulations and standards to meet the specific demands of courses may be effected at any time, provided that there is: As seen, it is not a simple task thinking of academic politics because of how autonomy is exercised by collegiate today; estigo the only alternative is not to turn the identity of an HEI into a piece of ornamentation.
It appears that in practice, the theory has been very different. Mazzotti T, Oliveira RJ. To make this website work, we log user data and share it with processors.